The role of ship emissions in air pollution
Order ID 53003233773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
The role of ship emissions in air pollution
Ship emissions, also known as marine pollution, are a significant contributor to air pollution. The primary sources of ship emissions are the burning of fossil fuels, such as heavy fuel oil and marine diesel, which release harmful pollutants into the atmosphere, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, and greenhouse gases.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are the primary pollutants emitted by ships that contribute to air pollution. SO2 is a major contributor to acid rain, which can damage crops, forests, and bodies of water. NOx is a key component in the formation of smog and ground-level ozone, which can aggravate respiratory conditions such as asthma and bronchitis.
Particulate matter (PM) is another significant pollutant emitted by ships. PM is a mixture of small particles and droplets that can be inhaled into the lungs and cause serious health problems, including respiratory and cardiovascular disease. These tiny particles can travel long distances and have a significant impact on air quality in coastal areas and port cities.
Greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted by ships, primarily carbon dioxide (CO2), contribute to global warming and climate change. Shipping is responsible for approximately 2-3% of global CO2 emissions and is projected to increase as international trade continues to grow.
In addition to these pollutants, ships also release other harmful chemicals into the air, such as black carbon, which is a major contributor to global warming and Arctic ice melting.
Regulations have been put in place to reduce ship emissions, such as the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) and the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) sulfur cap regulations, which limit the sulfur content of marine fuels. However, enforcement of these regulations varies and compliance is not always guaranteed.
Efforts to reduce ship emissions include the use of alternative fuels, such as liquified natural gas (LNG) and biofuels, and the development of more efficient ship designs and technologies. The use of shore power, which allows ships to plug into an electrical grid while in port, also reduces emissions by eliminating the need to run onboard generators.
Overall, ship emissions are a significant contributor to air pollution and have a wide range of negative impacts on human health and the environment. While regulations and efforts to reduce emissions are in place, more action is needed to effectively address this issue.
The role of ship emissions in air pollution
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). 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APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. 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The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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