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Punishment and Rehabilitation of Criminals
A. Moral obligation is a dusty which we ought to perform but is not legally binding.
B. All states and countries offer laws and regulations that punish the criminals according to the weigh of their crimes and those with major crimes get a death penalty (Ladd, 2017).
C. The issue of punishment is an ethical issue which can be analyzed well using the utilitarianism ethical theory.
II. We have a moral obligation towards punishing and rehabilitating criminals
A. Crimes are harmful and constitute moral wrong doings such as dishonestly, theft, murder and that gives has a moral obligation to rehabilitate and punish criminals.
B. We have a moral obligation towards each other and protecting each others welfare.
C. Punishment and rehabilitation helps criminals reform and we have a duty towards the community to help reform bad behavior (Haji, 2021).
III. We have no moral obligation towards punishing and rehabilitating criminals.
A. Punishing and rehabilitating criminals is legal, but what moral obligations does one have towards this? (Kolber, 2018)
B. We have a moral obligation to obey the set laws and regulations and respecting authorities but have no moral obligation for the punishment and rehabilitation of criminals (Chiao, 2018).
IV. Decision: We have a moral obligation to punish and rehabilitate criminals.
A. According to the utilitarian approach actions are immoral if they cause harm and vice versa.
B. The harm that is caused by crimes needs to be eliminated or reduced (Canton, 2017).
C. Correctional facilities and rehabilitation help eliminate threat of future harm.
If actions harm others then we have a moral duty to help eliminate these actions and make our communities and societies better.
VI. Relevant Questions
1. Do we have a moral duty to report crimes which result into no harm? If yes, why?
2. Do the police have any moral obligation towards maintaining the safety of the people?
3. What are the moral obligations of communities towards criminals, if there is any?
Canton, R. (2017). Why Punish?: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Punishment. Macmillan
International Higher Education.
Chiao, V. (2018). Criminal law in the age of the administrative state. Oxford University Press.
Haji, I. (2021). Obligation Incompatibilism and Blameworthiness. Philosophical Papers, 1-23.
Kolber, A. J. (2018). Punishment and moral risk. U. Ill. L. Rev., 487.
Ladd, J. (2017). Legal and moral obligation. In Political and Legal Obligation (pp. 3-35).