PSYC 341 Memory and Cognitive Discussions
Order ID 53003233773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
PSYC 341 Memory and Cognitive Discussions
At least 2 scholarly references/in-text citation per discussion. APA format.
Minimum 300 words per discussion.
As discussed in the unit, working memory is used for much more than just the temporary storage of phone numbers. It allows you to hold in your mind facts that will assist you in performing any number of cognitive functions, such as planning for an event, or deciding on a course of action. You call on your working memory countless times throughout the average day. As an example, work out in your head (and not on paper) 14 x 6. Unless you had multiplication tables drilled into your head in elementary school, you will actually need to think through the equation by adding 10 x 6 and 4 x 6. The answers to these equations are held in your working memory, and allow you to think through the solution to 14 x 6.
- Discuss with us one instance in the day when you used your working memory, and how.
- Then discuss at least one technique to improve working memory and provide a scholarly article that supports the use of this technique.
- Be sure to cite your sources!
Please watch this video clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rSzPn9rsPcY&feature=emb_logo
The video clip above demonstrates the malleability of eye witness testimony by showing a staged purse-snatching incident. Each of the student witnesses were interviewed and there was great variability within their testimonies regarding the physical features of the suspect. Despite research on fallibility of eyewitness testimony, courts still rely heavily on it as a source of evidence. After viewing the video, please answer the following questions:
- After reading this week’s material and viewing the video, do you believe that eye witness testimony is faulty or reliable? Why or why not?
- What can be done to promote better accuracy of eye witness testimony?
- Have you had any personal experience with eye witness testimony that might contribute to our understanding of this phenomenon?
This week we learned about mnemonic devices, which are any learning technique that aids information retention in the human memory. Mnemonics make use of elaborative encoding, retrieval cues, and imagery as specific tools to encode any given information in a way that allows for efficient storage and retrieval. Mnemonics aid original information in becoming associated with something more meaningful, which in turn, allows the brain to have better retention of the information.
- Discuss the three memory processes associated with mnemonics.
- Provide an example of a mnemonic device that you have used. If you have not used a mnemonic device, then create one that could be useful to you.
- Your resources this week discussed several types of mnemonic devices. Which kind of mnemonic device was the example you provided?
The debate over whether language is an innate trait continues in cognitive science. Think about what this would mean on both sides of the argument and answer the following questions:
- In what sense is language use innate and in what sense is learned? Provide examples.
- When thinking about language use, is language a tool for thought or a tool for communication?
- Be sure to cite your sources!
This week we have learned about the cognitive processes involved with judgment and decision-making. Biases largely affect our ability to make rational decisions. For this week’s discussion:
- Based on Tversky and Kahneman’s research, discuss the specific systematic, directional biases that affect human judgment. You may use this week’s resources but also feel free to pull in outside resources to support this discussion.
- Discuss a time when you feel that bias has interfered with your decision-making process.
- Discuss possible interventions to overcome faulty thinking. Be sure to relate at least one intervention to your personal example to illustrate how utilizing this intervention might have resulted in a different decision outcome.
- Be sure to cite your sources!
For the final discussion, discuss some of the different forms of dementia in old age. Is dementia inevitable? What factors are currently thought to be protective?
- Be sure to cite your sources! PSYC 341 Memory and Cognitive Discussions
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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