Diverse Collection of Religious Cultures
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Diverse Collection of Religious Cultures
In America, we have a very wide and diverse collection of religious cultures, beliefs, and
backgrounds. Intercultural Communication, as cited by Beven (2020) and stated by Kim(2010) is
“…the communication process in which individual participants of differing cultural and
subcultural backgrounds come into direct contact with one another” (p.3.1). In order to be
competent communicators with people with different cultural backgrounds, one must be patient,
understanding and show interest and respect for the other person’s feelings and cultural
There are a few reasons that explain why it is important to be aware of someone else’s
culture when attempting to communicate. One reason is to avoid being ostracized. According to
Beven(2020) to be ostracized is to be“…removed from a group or from society at large if you
violate the formally stated laws of the land or traditions of the areligious group”(p. 3.1). It is
never a good feeling to be avoided or looked at like an outcast. Another reason it is so important
is to clarify communication. When there is not a central understanding of what is being
communicated, interpersonal communication can be misinterpreted in the decoding process.
When this happens, it could take much longer to send a message to the receiver, than it would
with mutual understanding.
Culture has a huge impact on nonverbal communication. In the textbook Making
Connections: Understanding Interpersonal Communication , Beven(2020) mentions several
instances that would be considered nonverbal communication that is influenced by culture. One
instance she discusses is how in the United States it would be considered rude to not shake
someone’s hand in a professional setting, whereas Muslim men and women tend to not engage in
physical contact of the opposite sex. In order to show respect for this cultural difference, one
would have to learn about another culture and find a greeting that did not violate either side’s
Commented [KC1]: Per APA style guidelines, indent the first line of each paragraph 5 to 7 spaces.
Commented [KC2]: Watch spelling (it’s Bevan) and spacing (need a space after the name Kim.
Commented [KC3]: Good point on the practical implications of clarity. If we are clear, interactions can take less time.
CULTURAL INFLUENCES 3
cultural norm and comfort. Beven(2020), cites ( Gibbs, 2017; Jafar, 2017) in stating that an
alternative would be to put your hand over your heart or bowing.
Culture also has a huge impact on verbal communication. One example of verbal
communication that can have a negative impact on interpersonal communication, Beven(2020)
states, as cited by (Kemper, Ferrell, Harden, Finter-Urczyk, & Billington, 1998)“..elderspeak” in
which younger individuals speak slowly to aging adults, repeating themselves and using fewer
words”. This makes the older generation feel dehumanized and patronized as mentioned by
Beven(2020) as cited by Simpson (n.d.).
Being from a High context culture can be a benefit to understanding nonverbal
communication. According to Beven(2020) “A high-context culture, …, emphasizes the implicit
and indirect meaning of messages, and thus communicators rely more on nonverbal elements”(p.
3.3). In this culture, words do not have a solid meaning. It is more important to note context,
gestural communication, facial expressions, paralanguage, and touch as these are all nonverbal
forms of communication. Another defining aspect of a high context culture is their reluctance to
conflict. Beven(2020) gives an example where, in a high context culture, if someone was to ask
another to do something for them and they did not want to they would say something like
“maybe” or “if I can get to it”, rather than saying no and facing the chance of a repercussion.
A Low Context culture has very literal verbal communication traits. According to
Beven(2020) “…low-context culture tends to be clear, direct, and is typically derived from
words”(p. 3.3). This means that people from a low-context culture value words as high meaning.
For example, from the same instance as before, if one was to ask someone if they would do
something and they said “yes” or “maybe” or “if I can get to it”, it would never be understood as
anything but exactly what is said. When the person asked did not do what was asked this could
Commented [KC4]: That’s a great example and resolution! It speaks to the principle of respect and points out how both parties should make an effort to understand each other and respect each other as well.
Commented [KC5]: This student makes a great link to the earlier point about ostracization. It is always good to make these types of links to previous points.
Commented [KC6]: This is another nice point. When these two cultures meet, it can be deadly. So, one should comment on the implications of this as well.
CULTURAL INFLUENCES 4
again cause this person to be ostracized. People from a low- context culture, not understanding
cultural differences, would become angry and feel like they have been lied to.
Some cultures prefer individualism and some collectivism. In the dimensions of culture,
Beven(2020) states “ Individualism/collectivism, Hofstede’s first dimension, considers the extent
to which countries value the individual and personal rights versus the community and the public
good”(p. 3.1). In the U.S. we tend to fall under an Individualism culture. An individualistic
culture has a strong sense of self, and values one’s own goals, choices, rights, and freedoms ,
whereas, a collectivistic culture, values close ties, harmony, and conforming(Beven, 2020). I do
believe that even one growing up in an individualistic culture you would have traits of both.
When describing oneself, one might say they are an American (this is a group, that stands
together, with shared values and beliefs). This should be a collectivistic example. If one said
that they wanted to be number one on the charts for a performing musician, this would be
considered an individualistic goal. However, people tend to group with like-minded people.
Musicians would surround themselves with other musicians, while in that group, this should be
considered a collectivistic goal.
Culture has a huge impact on the way we look at ourselves and others. Culture can
change the way we communicate. Understanding each other’s cultural differences is the only
way to effectively close the gaps in communication for competent interpersonal communication.
Commented [KC7]: Yes. There can be elements of both. Though the way we are so divisive right now in this country politically, I’m struggling to see even one common devotion to “America” that we can agree to. But it is an important point worth making here.
Commented [KC8]: It would have been nice to have seen one more wrap-up of how paying attention can help us improve as communicators. It is implicit to the student’s earlier points but could have been made more overt and precise here. Still, this is a solid paper overall.
CULTURAL INFLUENCES 5
Bevan, J. L. (2020). Making connections: Understanding interpersonal communication
(3rd ed.). https://content.ashford.edu/
Commented [KC9]: Use the term “references,” and center this line.
Commented [KC10]: Per APA style guidelines, students must indent the second line and all remaining lines of all references. If you right click and select “paragraph,” you can go over to indentation and click “special.” Select “hanging” from the options and Word will do this for you automatically.
Diverse Collection of Religious Cultures
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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Diverse Collection of Religious Cultures