Developing Ethical and Authentic Leadership Behaviors
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Developing Ethical and Authentic Leadership Behaviors
Unit 6 Assignment/ Developing Ethical and Authentic Leadership Behaviors
- Some of the worst leadership scandals have occurred over recent decades due to the absence of ethical leadership. Complete the following for this assignment:
- After watching the NBC Learn video clips in this unit’s first study, choose one of the following leaders and research the corresponding leadership scandal to learn more about the case.
- Who’s to Blame for the Enron Bankruptcy? – Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling.
See transcript below.
- Briefly summarize the scenario, including ethical implications of the issue for individuals, the organization, and society at large.
- Describe the terminal and/or instrumental values proposed by Rokeach on pages 26–27 of the Gamble and Gamble text that may have guided the leader’s decision making.
- Among the variety of ethical theories and rationales for ethical behavior presented in the Gamble and Gamble text (pages 33–36), which would be most applicable to the leader in the case you selected? Explain.
- Explain whether the leader’s behavior in this scenario would have been considered ethical in a different culture, and why or why not.
- Describe how the application of Sissela Bok’s model of ethical decision making on pages 32–33 of the Gamble and Gamble text might have resulted in a different outcome for the leader.
- Describe at least two strategies that are used by your organization to hold its leaders accountable for adhering to ethical principles.
Transcript for assignment
Who’s to Blame for the Enron Bankruptcy?
TOM BROKAW, anchor:
There’s a new twist in the bitter blame game tonight between executives and employees of Enron, the giant energy company now struggling with bankruptcy. That brings us to the NIGHTLY NEWS QUESTION: Before Enron, what was the largest corporate bankruptcy ever?
The answer, Texaco. It filed for bankruptcy in 1987 to avoid paying huge penalties in a lawsuit. Its assets at the time were almost $36 billion. Enron’s are far more, some $63 billion. Now, the question: What went so wrong? Who’s really going to pay? Here’s NBC’s Lisa Myers.
LISA MYERS reporting:
Today, shell-shocked former Enron employees attend a job fair at the Houston Stadium bearing the company name. Asking questions now being pursued by Congressional committees and criminal investigators. How could this happen?
Unidentified Man: The house of cards fell down and it–it was strictly a house of cards.
Unidentified Woman: We think it was bad management. Greed. Bad accounting practices.
MYERS: One factor, experts say, arrogance. Enron’s political connections were golden. Enron and its chairman, Kenneth Lay, seen here at the game with George W. Bush, were among Bush’s biggest contributors. When the Bush energy plan was drawn up, Enron was at the table. But since Enron’s collapse, flashy connections have not shielded the company.
Representative RICHARD BAKER (Republican, Louisiana): This may be the single most exceptional egregious example of corporate conduct I’ve seen in many, many years.
MYERS: The facts, Enron’s stock, once $90 a share, today closed at 63 cents. Managers were rewarded with $100 million in bonuses, even as 4,000 workers are laid off. Executives cashed in hundreds of millions of dollars in stock before it lost all value, but workers were restricted from selling stock in their 401(k) during a key period. Today, the company insists workers had adequate notice of the freeze. The Padgetts lost their entire retirement, $600,000.
Ms. KAREN PADGETT: Our financial future, just taken away from us. It’s devastating.
MYERS: This year, Fortune magazine declared Enron the nation’s most innovative company. As it turns out, what was most innovative was its accounting. Overstating its value by $1.2 billion. Hiding $500 million in debt. Congress already is focusing on Enrons’ auditor, Arthur Andersen, which now claims the company withheld critical accounting information.
Representative JOHN DINGELL (Democrat, Michigan): This is a major calamity for the accounting profession.
MYERS: Experts say it may be years before we really know what went wrong, and whether someone is going to jail. And they warn, it could happen again. Lisa Myers, NBC News, Washington.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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