Desertification of The Aral Sea Case Study
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Desertification of The Aral Sea Case Study
The desertification of the Aral Sea is labeled as the worst human driven ecological disaster of its kind. Originally in the 1960’s, The Aral Sea was
approximately 90% larger than it is today, and that change was directly linked to the Rice and Cotton cash crops in the region as well as Soviet Union
governmental decisions to provide an area of independence for the west. In a documentary entitled ” The Collapse of the Aral Sea Ecosystem,” These
effects are explained in details from crop failure, health deterioration and poverty from a once rich and fertile land, (Bowie, 2000). According to this
film, The destabilization of this ecosystem began with the overuse of cotton and rice farms. Constant dams and Levy’s to supply water onto these
farm lands for irrigation eventually choked the source of water to deteriorate. Salt tables in the water increased dramatically as the sea decreased in
size, and area that was covered in water started to subside. The climate change and winds in the area would start to carry the sand up which
contained pesticides and salt into the crop areas damaging them significantly. Also in tandem, the water contained too much salt to provide
reasonable water with the correct PH and nutrients to supply these crops. Socially, the Aral Sea was a huge fishing industry at one point, and when
the sea salinity began to change and the water started to reside, so did the fish population. This source of income had to be abandoned by a lot of
fisherman because there no longer was any money in it. This dropped the population significantly with citizens leaving to find work elsewhere, and
that cripples things further with tightening the noose around the economy. Health problems arose as well and actually doubled with cases of
Tuberculosis and other communicable diseases. Some areas the Tuberculosis actually mutated to be able to fight off treatment of antibiotics.
As we briefly talked about health effects on women in last weeks post, another case in point is made that in this analysis can tie into that discussion
with credible evidence to support the claim because of lower iron counts in women leading to pregnancy and childbirth issues. Children are not
receiving the proper nutrients from their own mothers breast milk because the food value in nutrition and calories has also depleted because of the
over farming in the region. Again The amount of species within the sea itself has significantly decreased and well as the abundance of life in the
ecosystem itself, much of which now is a barren dessert. As the region of the Aral Sea becomes more desolate, the people that remain in certain
areas are cut off from aid medically because medicine is scarce and doctors don’t get paid enough. Food does not provide enough nutrients to help
the citizens stay healthy so the risk of catching a illness or disease is significantly increased.
Initiatives such as the International Aral Sea Rehabilitation Fund (IFAS) Sound promising and hope to reverse the spiraling downfall of the Sea itself,
and is widely gathered support. There is a lot of work to be done however and the Sea has not stopped decreasing in size which begs to ponder if
the effort will be able to aid or revert anything.
Bowie, G. (Writer & Director). (2000). The collapse of the Aral Sea ecosystem (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file].
Asfray, A., Giri, C., Govil, K., Hartemink, A., Holmgren, F. Keita-Ouane, F…Zhongze, W. (2007).Land. In United Nations Environment Programme
(Publisher), Global Environment Outlook 4: Environment for development (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.(pp.81-114). Retrieved
Desertification of The Aral Sea Case Study
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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