Communications Spreading Misinformation Essay
Order ID 53003233773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Communications Spreading Misinformation Essay
Purpose: to demonstrate understanding and practical application of Content Analysis research
Task: to design, conduct, and present (written form) original research using Content Analysis as the research method
Criteria: make sure to do an original content analysis as per chapter and provided material, present as per assignment requirements- using visual representation (per statistics chapter)
Evaluation: will be based on completion, quality/thoroughness of study and report, meeting due date
Breakdown: You will design and conduct a Content Analysis with a Speech Comm focus.
Please refer to book chapter, class notes PPT, and iCollege content including examples, videos, and overview for this assignment.
Begin with a topic and hypothesis
Have a paragraph (or so) explaining what you’re doing and answering the “so what” question
Have operational definitions
Decide on samples and unit of analysis- what they are and how many (justify)
Explain categories if applicable
Present findings in numerical form
Analyze with at least a paragraph- include why this is important and possible future research
Texts for Content Analysis can include speeches, conversations, newspaper articles or headlines, journal articles, magazine articles, interviews (print or broadcast), stand up comedy routines, movies, historical documents, advertisements, plays/shows, song lyrics, concert productions, books (or parts of books), essays, discussions or lectures, conversations, video games, informal conversation, texts, tweets, or posts, cartoon strips (typically any occurrence of communicative language- verbal, nonverbal, etc).
So that is massively broad. Examples of ways to narrow down:
By type of text (headlines for newspaper articles or only the magazine covers or childrens books)
By topic (tweets w/ a certain hashtag)
By time frame
By geographic are
By audience (only convos between x person and y person)
By speaker (only what a certain character says or does)
It is your job to justify those choices- everything has to be done with a purpose.
Other ways to think about purpose and approach:
Stereotyping in the media: Gender roles, gender representations, Sexuality representations…
Normalization of behavior: Violence, guns, alcohol, dress…
Representations of trends: language trends, fashion trends, product trends
In a more specific way, some examples might be:
Mention of “God” in awards shows thank yous comparison from now to 10 or 20 years ago- or from one award show to another- how many times does God get first mention?
Reference to alcohol in music: can specify –
beer & country music
name brands in rap
getting “drunk” in pop music
Jokes about obesity in a particular sit com
Jokes about an issue in Late Night tv
How many times someone is blown-up in the trailer of a video game; perhaps coded by how much damage, inflicted by accident (roadside bomb) as opposed to shot by player
References to locker room “culture” when NFL journalists talk about/justify/excuse bullying
Comparison between use of the terms global warming and climate change
Or words like “upcycle”
References to “cost saving meals” on the food channel- historical (now vs 5 years ago) or from show to show
Or, reference to story telling when discussing cooking- or use of literary terms to analyze food
Trends in job ads online and what requirements are popular, or what buzz words are trending
You can use visual as well- so verbal or nonverbal
*So when I say: brainstorm for ideas – start with your major and your interests, you should come up with a list like that.
Print ads in magazines might be coded by size- full page vs ¼ page, color vs black and white
SO, a full page ad might count as 1, and a half page ad as ½.
Do you give the same “count” or score to a color ad as a black and white one?
Is it easier to give a full page ad a 4 and a ¼ page ad a 1?
Those are decisions you need to make.
Choose texts you’ll be analyzing
Develop coding rules
Analyze results (graph)
What you submit can be as simple as:
Body: explaining what you did, what you analyzed, chart, graph
(meaning 2 pages max w/visual representations, depending on your research design)
COM 105 Self Disclosure Discussion
What is your experience with self-disclosure?
After studying Lessons 4.1 and 4.2, spend time completing the following reflective writing assignment. Use these questions as a jumping off point for your thoughts on disclosing your “self” to others.
Choose two of the three to write on:
Have you ever said too much on a first date? At a job interview? To a professor, family member, or friend? Have you ever posted something on Facebook only to return later to remove it? If you answered yes to any of the questions, describe the experience, then explain what you learned in this chapter that might now lead you to do something different.
Have you experienced negative results due to self-disclosure? If so, what could have been altered in the decisions of what, where, when, or how to disclose that may have improved the situation?
Under what circumstances is it OK to share information that someone has disclosed to you? Under what circumstances is it not OK to share the information? Why? Why not?
Remember, reflective writing enables you to explore and think deeply about what you are learning. You’ll want to refer back to portions of the text which have influenced you, but you do not simply want to restate what the text (or videos) have said. You are attempting to dig deeper…. to wonder…. and to reflect on what you have realized about self-disclosure. Develop (at minimum) 15 to 20 sentences per prompt.
Ultimately, you want to make this assignment your own. Make your exploration substantial. Self-disclosure is in many ways the essence of interpersonal communication. Spend some time with this.
Communications Spreading Misinformation Essay
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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