CHANGING BEHAVIOR CHANGING BEHAVIOR
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
CHANGING BEHAVIOR CHANGING BEHAVIOR
Behavioral psychologists have repeatedly demonstrated that most people can modify their own behavior through the application of operant principles. The text authors delineate some of the mechanisms involved in self control, such as self reinforcement and stimulus control. The following exercise, outlines steps (suggested by Anthony Grasha), that will allow you to experience directly the often, powerful effects of behavior change and modification. You will be designing a program for yourself in order to change a behavior that you would like to either increase, decrease or eliminate entirely.
- Identify a habit or behavior that you would like to change, either by decreasing it or increasing it. It could be a habit you want to eliminate like smoking, or a behavior you want to increase, like studying more. Set a very specific goal to change that is observable and measurable .
- Don’t say “I want to get more exercise”; it’s too vague. You will need to operationally define “more exercise” and set a goal that is measurable and observable; such as: “ I need to start jogging one mile every day”.
- Don’t say: “ I need to lose weight”; say “ I need to lose 10 pounds in 8 weeks.
- ” Don’t say: “I need to cut back on my smoking”, say: “ I need to cut my cigarette smoking from one pack a day to half a pack a day for three consecutive months”;
- Don’t say: “I need to spend more time studying”, state “ I need to study at least 1 hour a day, 5 times a week”.
- Measure your Baseline- How often do you currently engage in the behavior or habit you want to change? In other words, if you are trying to cut back or quit smoking how many cigarettes are you smoking per day now, before you start on a change program?
- Analyze your “triggers” or environments that make your habitual behavior more likely to occur. In other words:
- What settings, people, or times of day or week trigger or stimulate your bad habit or behavior to occur? (e.g. smoking, eating or drinking too much); Or,
- What setting, people or times of day or week tend to prevent you from engaging in the behavior or habit you want to increase? (e.g. studying or exercising more).
- Also look if you have paired or associated two stimuli (e.g. the smell of coffee triggers your cigarette craving).
- After analyzing these triggers, describe how you would avoid them or change them. In other words, how would you control your environment so as to optimize your success? How will you gain control over the settings that either trigger the bad habits or prevent you from building good habits. Some people may smoke while drinking coffee, so giving up coffee may help in changing the target behavior.
- Identify how you could use classical conditioning to change your behavior (eg. Pair a noxious stimulus with a bad habit, or a pleasant sound or smell with a good habit you want to build).
- Identify operant conditioning techniques such as:
- positive reinforcers or rewards for yourself (e.g. reading a favorite magazine, telephoning a friend, taking a hot bath)
- Identify any possible negative reinforcers, such as avoiding something unpleasant (eg. Avoiding a bad grade or health problems). Select one or more rewards that are likely to influence the behavior you want to change and will motivate you.
- Can you think of any mild aversives or punishment for yourself?
- Identify how you would use observational learning or modeling to change your behavior:
- What models can you select that you can observe, learn from or imitate to some degree?
- Describe the kind of social support you would enlist. Modifying behavior can be difficult and so it often helps to have a support group or someone to talk to who can keep you honest and committed to your plan and possibly motivate you and help you meet your goals. For example, if you are starting a new workout plan have a friend join you if possible or find a workout partner.
- Evaluate your results:
- Describe how you will monitor and record your progress toward changing the behavior. Draw a chart that demonstrates what you will be recording.
- For a short time, try your proposed plan on yourself to test it. Of all the possible techniques you have described in your plan which one do you think will be most effective?
- Describe any success or failure. What would you attribute them to and how would you change the plan for the future?
- This is about a five page paper in APA style.
- In accordance to APA style, please include a separate & additional title page with the assignment title, your name, date, and class. Make sure you also include a properly documented Reference page. See the link I provided in the content section of your course.
- Don’t forget spelling and grammar count! It should also flow logically and clearly.
- Your paper should thoroughly cover all of these questions, clearly outlining the steps you took to change a behavior or habit.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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