Business Law Practice Discussion Responses Dissertation
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Business Law Practice Discussion Responses Dissertation
IAV GmbH is a German company that was worked with Volkswagen (VW) to design and develop defeat devices that would allow VW vehicles to beat US emissions testing. The defeat devices are known to have been installed in approximately 355,000 VW diesel engine vehicles sold in the US. Emissions standards are set by the EPA for vehicles sold in the US to monitor or control the air quality of vehicles sold in the US. By defeating these emissions tests, the vehicles were achieving passing results on the emissions tests that were not accurate.
These vehicles were releasing more carbon emissions into the air than what was calculated during EPA testing of the vehicles. The defeat device would work by the software on the vehicle’s computer analyzing and determining if the vehicle were being driven, or if it were being tested. Once the determination was made by the software, the computer would reduce the performance of the vehicle’s engine in testing scenarios.
This reduction in performance meant that the vehicle fuel efficiency and emissions were being understated in testing as compared to real world use by actual owners. IAV plead guilty of the charges that were brought against them for their part in the scheme with VW. For their part, they were sentenced to pay a fine of $35 million.
The EPA regulations and standard for vehicle emissions are an important part of protecting the air quality in the US. Not only does controlling vehicle emissions reduce carbon emissions, the EPA also reports on fuel economy. These fuel economy estimates are important to consumers when making decisions on vehicle purchases.
The article that I chose to report on was a violation of the Clean Water Act (water pollution) by Oil Chem Inc., a company in Flint, MI that was found guilty and sentenced for disposing of hazardous waste materials into the City’s sewage system. Although Oil Chem, ink did carry a permit for some of their hazardous waste processing and disposal activities, they were found guilty of also dumping landfill leachate waste (water that has leached through landfills) into the sewer line without treatment. One of the landfills in which they acquired leachate materials was found to contain polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) which are known to be hazardous to humans and to the environment.
I believe that the EPA regulation and prosecution by the Department of Justice was necessary. The City of Flint took drinking water from the same source that the untreated leachate waste entered (Flint River). Frankly, it seems that the whole City of Flint should be brought to task for violations of the Clean Water Act considering the Flint River has literally caught on fire, has elevated lead levels, and has made residents sick with Legionnaires’ Disease. In my opinion the government has done too little, too late to protect the people of Flint. Business Law Practice Discussion Responses Dissertation
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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