Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
PH4160: Research Methods and Technical Writing for Public Health
Instructor: Wai Ping “Athena” Foong
Research Article Reading Guide and Discussion Questions
Article in APA citation:
Chin, D. L., Nam, S., & Lee, S.-J. (2016). Occupational factors associated with obesity and leisure-time physical activity among nurses: A cross sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 57, 60–69. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.01.009 .
1. As you read this article, go through and answer all questions that are posted below in this reading guide.
· For questions with asterisks (*) next to them, you must prepare written answers in complete sentences.
2. Once you have all your answers, save and upload this document onto Canvas through the link called “Week 3 Online Activity & Discussion – Part 1”.
3. Once you submit this document, move on to Part 2, where you will post your own answer and review one of your classmate’s.
· Do not quote answers and do not plagiarize! Always paraphrase your answers.
· Provide citations appropriately if necessary.
· You just need to answer all questions below to the best of your ability. Your answers will not be graded for “correctness”, but only for “Complete/Incomplete”.
- Start with the article title. Does it tell you the topic of the article, including the E, D/O, and P? Why do you think the title of any research article should not be “fancy” or vague?
- Next, read the abstract. What is the format of the abstract – structured or unstructured? (hint: see page 287 of your textbook). What do you think are the important information that an abstract must have?
- Then, read the Introductionsection which starts on page 2 of this file. There are 4 paragraphs under Introduction.
- *What are the two health issues discussed in Paragraph 1?
- *In Paragraph 1, did the authors provide statistics for each of these health issues, and if so, what are those statistics and where did they come from?
- * Throughout Paragraph 1, the authors described what we currently know and understand about these two health issues. Did the authors provide evidence of what they’re saying by using appropriate citations in this paragraph? If yes, in what format are these in-text citations?
- * In Paragraph 2, what did the authors suggest as possible risk factors for the two health issues they had described in Paragraph 1?
- * In Paragraph 2, did the authors provide proof or evidence of what they’re saying by using appropriate citations in this paragraph? If yes, what are the sources of those evidence (i.e., Are they published studies? Websites?) Why do you think so many citations are necessary?
- * What was different about the information presented in Paragraph 3 of Introduction compared to Paragraph 2? (Hint: the information in Paragraph 3 was more specific about something in particular.)
- * In your own words, tell us what is Paragraph 4 of Introduction saying?
- With as much detail as possible, can you state this research article’s:
- Now, move on to the Methodssection.
- There are 3 major subsections under Methods. What are those 3 major subsections?
- They are further subdivisions under the second subsection (2.2). Can you tell what they are? (hint: Write them all out to visualize it yourself)
- * From the description in the Methods section, how were the participants chosen for inclusioninto the study? What were the criteria for exclusion? What was the final sample size for this study?
- * Within each paragraph under the subsection called Measures, the authors described how they measured, assessed or defined each variable that they wanted to study. In general, do you think these descriptions are clear? Why or why not?
- * Also under Measures, the authors provided citations for some of the definitions or measures used. Why did they do that?
- * Using the information stated in the subsection called Data Analysis, briefly summarize in your own words (and as simple as possible) what the authors described here. Next, make a list of the statistical analyses listed in this paragraph that you are aware of (or that you have already learned) and the statistical analyses that are new to you (or that you may have heard of but you have no idea what they are).
- * Why do you think it is important to describe data analysis with such details in a research article?
- When you are ready, continue to the Resultssection of the paper.
- The Results section consists of written text in separate paragraphs as well as several Tables. Firstly, can you spot where each of those Tables were cited or referred to in the text? Next, can you find the 4 Tables themselves?
- * In the Results section, is there a logic behind how the paragraphs and Tables were organized. How were they organized exactly? (hint: look at how the subsections [3.1, 3.2, 3.3] were categorized).
- * Tables 1 and 4 are very long and detailed. Did the authors provide in-text discussion on allthe information presented in these tables? If not, what did they choose to describe in-text?
- We are now almost at the end. Read through the Discussionand Conclusionsections of the paper.
- * In the Discussion section, what is your impression on the citations and references that the authors provided here? Do you think they did a thorough job with the background and literature search on their topic? Why or why not?
- * In your own words what are some limitations of their study that the authors identified?
- * Overall how similar or different are the findings in this article regarding obesitycompared to previous studies?(This question is asking you to explain from the authors’ perspective: how do the authors see their own results compared to results from previous studies?)
- * Overall how similar or different are the findings in this article regarding physical activitycompared to previous studies?(This question is asking you to explain from the authors’ perspective: how do the authors see their own results compared to results from previous studies?)
- * What do the researchers say is needed in the design of related future studies? (the researchers’ opinion, not yours)
- * Do you think there should be anything else that needs further research when it comes to obesity, physical activity, and occupational health? (now your own opinion)
- * Who funded this study? Why do we need to care who was the funder?
- * Who gave ethics approval for this study? Why do we need to be concerned about ethical issues in a research study involving human subjects?
- * In the References, can you spot the citation “CDC, 2013”? What are the letters a, b, c for? Do you know if that’s also an APA formatting requirement (to use letters a, b, etc. after the year)?
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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